Skip to main content

Table 7 Comparison of milk and dairy products, chocolate and nuts intake frequencies between cases and controls

From: High glycemic load diet, milk and ice cream consumption are related to acne vulgaris in Malaysian young adults: a case control study

Milk and dairy products Frequencies Cases(n = 44) Controls(n = 44) p value Odds Ratio (OR) 95% Confidence Interval
n (%) n (%)
Milk ≥Once a week 38** (86.4) 27 (61.4) 0.008 3.988 (1.391 - 11.434)
0 - < Once a week 6 (13.6) 17 (38.6)    
Yoghurt ≥Once a week 10 (22.7) 8 (18.2) 0.597 1.324 (0.467 – 3.749)
0 - < Once a week 34 (77.3) 36 (81.8)    
Cheese ≥Once a week 10 (22.7) 4 (9.1) 0.080 2.941 (0.846 – 10.229)
0 - < Once a week 34 (77.3) 40 (90.9)    
Ice cream ≥Once a week 25** (56.8) 10 (22.7) 0.001 4.474 (1.777 – 11.266)
0 - < Once a week 19 (43.2) 34 (77.3)    
Chocolate ≥Once a week 9 (20.5) 6 (13.6) 0.395 1.629 (0.526 – 5.044)
  0 - < Once a week 35 (79.5) 38 (86.4)    
Nuts ≥ Once a week 9 (20.5) 5 (11.4) 0.244 2.066 (0.613 – 6.558)
  0- < Once a week 35 (79.5) 39 (88.6)    
  1. ** Significant difference using Chi-Square test, p < 0.01.