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Table 1 Prevalence of self-reported childhood eczema and/or asthma and/or rhino-conjunctivitis in 2008 with respect to 1-year prevalence of hand eczema and gender in the groups HX9508 (1-year prevalence of hand eczema 1995 and 2008), HX95 (1-year prevalence of hand eczema only 1995), HX08 (1-year prevalence of hand eczema only 2008) and NoHX (never having had hand eczema)

From: Prevalence, incidence and predictive factors for hand eczema in young adults – a follow-up study

The 2008 questionnaire Group HX9508 Group HX95 Group HX08 Group NoHX
“Did you have eczema in your childhood?” (n = 1325, 100%) Females n (%) Males n (%) Total n (%) Females n (%) Males n (%) Total n (%) Females n (%) Males n (%) Total n (%) Females n (%) Males n (%) Total n (%)
“No” (n = 792, 59.8%) 10 (16.1) 3 (14.3) 13 (15.7) 19 (39.6) 6 (27.3) 25 (35.7) 38 (33.9) 14 (31.1) 52 (33.1) 349 (66.5) 353 (72.0) 702 (69.2)
“Yes” (n = 400, 30.2%) 48 (77.4) a> 15 (71.4) a> 63 (75.9) b> 22 (45.8) a> 14 (63.6) a> 36 (51.4) b> 63 (56.3) a> 23 (51.1) a> 86 (54.8) b> 140 (26.7) a<, c> 75 (15.3) a< 215 (21.2) b<
“I do not know” (n = 133, 10.0%) 4 (6.5) 3 (14.3) 7 (8.4) 7 (14.6) 2 (9.1) 9 (12.9) 11 (9.8) 8 (17.8) 19 (12.1) 36 (6.9) 62 (12.7) 98 (6.6)
“Have you ever had asthma?”(n = 1326)             
“No” (n = 1082, 81.6%) 37 (59.7) 15 (71.4) 52 (62.7) 38 (79.2) 19 (86.4) 57 (81.4) 84 (75.0) 35 (77.8) 119 (75.8) 433 (82.3) 421 (85.9) 854 (84.0)
“Yes” (n = 217, 16.4%) 23 (37.1) 6 (28.6) 29 (34.9) b> 8 (16.7) 2 (9.1) 10 (14.3) b< 23 (20.5) 10 (22.2) 33 (21.0) b> 84 (16.0) 61 (12.4) 145 (14.3) b<
“I do not know” (n = 27, 2.0%) 2 (3.2) 0 2 (2.4) 2 (4.2) 1 (4.5) 3 (4.3) 5 (4.5) 0 5 (3.2) 9 (1.7) 8 (1.6) 17 (1.7)
“Have you ever had allergic symptoms from your nose or eyes?“ (n = 1306)             
“No” (n = 664, 50.8%) 20 (32.3) 5 (25.0) 25 (30.5) 26 (54.2) 11 (52.4) 37 (53.6) 41 (36.9) 16 (36.4) 57 (36.3) 280 (54.2) 265 (54.9) 545 (54.5)
“Yes” (n = 582, 44.6%) 40 (64.5) a> 15 (75.0) a> 55 (67.1) b> 21 (43.8) a< 10 (47.6) a< 31 (44.9) b< 63 (56.8) a< 24 (54.5) a< 87 (55.4) b> 211 (40.8) a< 198 (41.0) a< 409 (40.9) b<
“I do not know” (n = 60, 4.6%) 2 (3.2) 0 2 (2.4) 1 (2.1) 0 1 (1.5) 7 (6.3) 4 (9.1) 13 (8.3) 26 (5.0) 20 (4.1) 46 (4.6)
  1. Significant differences (p < 0.05) between groups, totals and/or genders are marked with bold letters. a: significant differences within females or within males in different groups, b: significant difference between totals, c: significant difference between females and males in a group, < or >: the group or the gender has significantly lower or significantly higher frequency than the compared group. Chi-squared test.
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