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Table 3 Comparisons of exogenous factors between the group HX9508, i.e. having had 1-year prevalence of hand eczema 1995 and 2008, the group HX95, i. e. having had hand eczema only 1995, the group HX08, i.e. having eczema only 2008 and the group NoHX, i. e. the group reporting never having had hand eczema

From: Prevalence, incidence and predictive factors for hand eczema in young adults – a follow-up study

  HX9508 HX95 HX08 NoHX
Mean (Q1-Q3) Mean (Q1-Q3) Mean (Q1-Q3) Mean (Q1-Q3)
  Females Males Total Females Males Total Females Males Total Females Males Total
Number of persons in the household, yourself included (n = 1324) 2.9 (2-4) 2.5 (1-3) 2.8 (2-4) 2.9 (2-4) 2.6 (2-4) 2.8 (2-4) 3.0 (2-4) a>, c> 2.4 (2-3) 2.9 (2-4) b> 2.7 (2-4) a<, c< 2.4 (1-3) 2.6 (2-4) b<
Number of children below 4 years of age (n = 1259) 0.8 (0-1) 0.7 (0-1) 0.7 (0-1) 0.6 (0-1) 0.5 (0-1) 0.6 (0-1) 0.8 (0-1) a> 0.5 (0-1) 0.7 (0-1) 0.7 (0-1) a< 0.6 (0-1) 0.6 (0-1)
Hours a day taking care of children 0 – 4 years of age (n = 1234) 4.9 (0-8) a< 1.9 (0-3) 4.2 (0-6) 5.8 (0-8) a> 1.0 (0-1.5) 4.3 (0-5) 5.5 (0-8) a> 1.5 (0-2) 4.4 (0-6.3) 5.1 (0-6) a> 2.0 (0-3) 3.6 (0-5)
Hours a day cooking (n = 1314) 1.2 (1-1.3) 1.2 (1-1) 1.2 (1-1) 1.3 (1-2) c> 0.9 (0.5-1) 1.2 (1-1) 1.3 (1-2) c> 1.2 (0.8-1) 1.3 (1-1.3) b> 1.3 (1-1.5) c> 1.0 (0.5-1) 1.1 (1-1) b<
Hours a day cleaning/making laundry (n = 1304) 1.3 (1-1.6) c> 0.8 (0.3-1) 1.2 (1-1) b> 1.1 (1-1) c> 0.7 (0.4-1) 1.0 (1-1) 1.3 (1-2) a>, c> 0.7 (0.4-1) 1.2 (1-1) b> 1.1 (1-1) a<, c> 0.7 (0.2-1) 0.9 (0,5-1) b<
Number of times a day washing hands at home (n = 1309) 7.8 (4-10) c> 3.8 (2-5) 6.8 (3-10) 6.3 (5-8) a<, c> 5.0 (3-5.3) 5.9 (4-8) b< 9.3 (5-10) a>, c> 4.7 (3-5) 8.0 (4-10) b> 7.2 (4-10) a<, c> 4.4 (3-5) 5.9 (3-7) b<
Number of times a day washing hands at work (n = 1260) 8.3 (4-10) c> 5.2 (2.5-4) 7.4 (3 –10) b> 7.6 (3.5-11) c> 4.3 (3-4) 6.5 (3-8) 9.7 (4-10) a>, c> 6.6 (3-10) a> 8.7 (3-10) b> 7.5 (3-10) a > c< 4.5 (2-5) a< 6.0 (3-6) b<
Number of times a day washing hands, at home and at work (n = 1255) 14.9 (9-17) c> 9.0 (5-11.5) 13.3 (7-16) 14.0 (9-19.5) c> 9.3 (6.8-10) 12.4 (8-16) b< 18.7 (10-21.5) a>, c> 11.3 (6-15) a> 16.5 (8-20) b< 14.5 (8-16) a > c< 8.8 (5-10) a> 11.7 (6-14) b<
If smoking; number of cigarettes a day (n = 112) 7.5 (5.8.7.8) 3.5 (2-5) 6.7 (2.9.7.3) b< 8.1 (5-11.8) 1 (1.0) 7.7 (4.5– 10.5) 10.9 (6-15) a> 15 (1.0) 11.1 (7-15) b> 6.5 (2-10) a< 7.6 (2-11.5) 7.1 (2-10) b<
If using protective gloves at work: hours a day using them (n = 398) 2.8 (13-.5) 3.9 (2-5.8) 3.1 (1.5-4.5) b> 1.6 (1-2) 2.4 (0.5-4.5) 1.8 (1 – 2.8) b< 2.8 (1-3) 3.2 (1-5.5) 2.9 (1-3.3) 2.3 (1-3) c< 3.8 (1-6) 3.1 (1-4)
Number of working hours at ordinary work (n = 1279) 38.3 (35 – 40.5) a> 41.7 (40-44) 39.2 (38-42) b> 35.5 (32-40) c< 44.7 (40-50) 38.5 (36 – 45) 34.1 (30-40) a<, c< 41.8 (40-45) 36.3 (30-40) b< 36.7 (32-40) a>, c< 41.9 (40-45) 39.2 (38-40) b>
Number of working hours at ordinary and additional work (n = 107) 42.7 (32-49) 57.0 (57.0) 44.1 (33-51.8) 33.5 (29-38) 49.5 (45-54.5) 44.2 (35.8,51.5) 37.7 (29.3,47.3) 49.5 (39-59) 40.7 (30.5,51.8) 44.3 (38.5,49.5) c< 50.6 (44-55) 47.9 (41-53)
Hours a week gardening (n = 1270) 2.1 (0-3) 1.9 (0-3.5) 2.1 (0-3) 3.5 (0-3) 1.4 (0-2) 2.8 (0 – 2.5) 2.4 (0-2.3) 2.8 (0-3) 2.5 (0-2.5) 2.5 (0-3) 2.7 (0-3) 2.6 (0-3)
Hours a week repairing cars/engines (n = 1236) 0.2 (0-0)< 3.6 (0-1) 1.0 (0 -0) 0.1 (0-0) c< 0.5 (0-1) 0.2 (0-0) 0.3 (0-0) c< 2.6 (0-1) 1.0 (0-0) 0.1 (0-0) c< 1.5 (0-1) 0.8 (0-0)
Hours a week doing building work, restoration (n = 1245) 1.7 (0-2) c< 4.2 (0.6-5) 2.3 (0-2) 1.1 (0-1.5) 3.1 (0-3.5) 1.7 (0-2) 2.8 (0-1) 3.3 (0-2) 2.9 (0-1.5) 2.4 (0-1) c< 5.1 (0-4.8) 3.8 (0-2)
Hours a week doing sports (n = 1251) 4.2 (1-4) 2.7 (1-3.7) 3.8 (1-4) 2.5 (1-4) 2.7 (1-3.3) 2.6 (1-4) 4.5 (1-4.8) 3.6 (0.5-4) 4.2 (1-4) 4.0 (1-5) 4.2 (1-4) 4.1 (1-4)
Hours a week doing hobbies (n = 1035) 4.7 (2-5) 3.4 (0-6) 4.4 (2-5) 3.2 (0-4.8) 1.8 (0-3) 2.7 (0-4) 4.0 (0-4) 5.0 (0-4) 4.3 (0-4) 3.4 (0-4.5) c< 5.2 (0-5) 4.3 (0-5)
  1. Significant differences (p < 0.05) between groups, totals and/or genders are marked with bold letters. a: significant differences within females or within males in different groups, b: significant difference between totals, c: significant difference between females and males in a group, < or >: the group or the gender has significantly lower or significantly higher frequency than the compared group/groups. Kruskal-Wallis Test and Mann-Whitney U test.
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